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Migration and Settlement 1491 to 1800

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 7 years, 10 months ago


Period 1: 1491-1607  - Illustrative Examples 

On a North American continent controlled by American Indians, contact among the peoples of Europe, the Americas, and West Africa created a new world.


Period 2 1607-1754-  Illustrative Examples

Europeans and American Indians maneuvered and fought for dominance, control, and security in North America, and distinctive colonial and native societies emerged.

Compare New Spain vs New France




Period 3: 1754-1800 Illustrative Examples

British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts produced a new American republic, along with struggles over the new nation’s social, political, and economic identity.



Period 4: 1800-1848 - Illustrative Examples

The new republic struggled to define and extend democratic ideals in the face of rapid economic, territorial, and demographic changes.



Period 5: 1844-1877  Illustrative Examples

As the nation expanded and its population grew, regional tensions, especially over slavery, led to a civil war — the course and aftermath of which transformed American society.



Period 6: 1865-1898 Illustrative Examples

The transformation of the United States from an agricultural to an increasingly industrialized and urbanized society brought about significant economic, political, diplomatic, social, environmental, and cultural changes


Period 7: 1890-1945 Illustrative Examples

An increasingly pluralistic United States faced profound domestic and global challenges, debated the proper degree of government activism, and sought to define its international role.



























Native Tribes vs North American Colonists




Both lived in village communities

Both had a strong spiritual beliefs

Both practiced aa division of labor based on gender

Both had economies based predominately upon agriculture 



Native Americans believed that land could be used but not privately owned.   In  contrast that North American colonists believed that land could be divided up and owned


Native Americans did not possess advanced weapons. In contrast, the North American colonists were equipped with guns, cannons, warships, horses 







King Philip’s War (1675) - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion. Wampanoag leader organized neighboring tribes to attack settlements in 1675, resulting in 1000 white and 4500 Indian deaths 



Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) - Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.

Pueblo Revolt (1680) -  also known as Popé's Rebellion — was an uprising of most of the Pueblo Indians against the Spanish colonizers in the province of  present day New Mexico. The Pueblo killed 400 Spanish and drove the remaining 2,000 settlers out of the province. Twelve years later the Spanish returned and were able to reoccupy New Mexico with little opposition.





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